Future Models of Cancer Care: Implications for Space and Design

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PATIENT-CENTERED CARE CLUSTER – PROJECT 16-05161.TAM

Future Models of Cancer Care: Implications for Space and Design

Description

CHOT researchers will work with HKS’s research arm, CADRE, to translate emerging models of cancer care to space and design. In the traditional model of cancer care, the patient and patient’s family navigate across disconnected clinical teams (clinical microsystems) to not only access information about diagnosis, treatment options, and next steps, but also ensure that critical information exchanges are taking place between the clinical microsystems. Cancer patients move through these often highly effective clinical microsystems horizontally. In the case of cancer care, research shows that effective patient-centered care requires clinical teams (clinical microsystems) and macro systems (health systems) that allow for information sharing, transparency, and empowered care team members. Further, the evolution toward personalized/ precision medicine in cancer treatment methods has transformed the way patients are cared for. Future models of cancer care will be enabled by new emerging clinical and social technologies. Personalized medicine and team-based
care will have implications for the design of facilities for cancer care.

How is this different from related research?

Translation of new emerging cancer care models to space and design requirements has not been yet accomplished. The National Institute of Health (NIH) has made major investments in personalized medicine based on genetics. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has recently made an effort to improved knowledge about effective team-based care for cancer patients. Both of these fields have contributed greatly to transforming the clinical care path and organization of care teams for cancer patients. This study will examine recent developments in these areas of research and translate them into space requirements, characteristics, and research-informed design options for the future cancer center.

Value Proposition

  • Explain new knowledge about space and design requirements of emerging models of care
  • Inform hospitals and industry members about effective use of space
  • Contribute to the field of evidence-based design for cancer centers
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